types of adverbs

Types of Adverbs

types of adverbs

Types of Adverbs

There are 9 types of Adverbs according to their meaning. They generally answer the questions like: When? Where? Why? How? Under what conditions? and To what extent? etc.,

All these 9 types of adverbs are explained below in detail.

Adverbs of Manner / Quality: 

The Adverb of Manner tells us how something happens and answers the question ‘How?’ or ‘In what manner’?

Examples:

  • He bravely entered the dark room.
  • The tiger ferociously attacked the hunter.
  • The children entered the Wonderla excitedly.
  • The students in this school speak English fluently.
  • They spent the holidays happily.
  • She decorated everything impressively.
  • Don’t behave like a child.
  • Can you please explain in a clear voice.
  • Do you buy anything at high prices?

 

List of some common adverbs of quality or manner:

agreeably, actively, badly, bitterly, bravely, calmly, cheerfully, clearly, crazily, excitedly, fast, fluently, hard, happily, impressively, kindly, lazily, loudly, lovingly, neatly, nobly, proudly, politely, quickly, regularly, sadly, sincerely, slowly, so, soundly, strongly, thus, unwillingly, well, etc.,

 

Adverbs of Time: 

The Adverb of Time tells us when something happens and answers the question ‘When’?

Examples:

  • The old man reads two newspapers daily.
  • What you plant now, you will harvest later. 
  • She has already finished the work.
  • The committee has selected him finally.
  • I want this work to be done immediately.
  • She will attend the class tomorrow
  • My friend went to the USA last week.
  • They finish their project in a few days’ time.
  • I shall return it as soon as possible. 
  • I have not taken my breakfast this morning.

 

List of some common adverbs of time.

Afterwards, after, again, already, always, before, daily, during, early, finally, formerly,  immediately, instantly, just, late, later, never, next, now, presently, recently, sometimes, since, soon, still, today, tomorrow, then, yet, yesterday, when, whenever etc.,

 

Adverbs of Place:

The Adverb of Place tells us where something happens and answers the question ‘Where’?

Examples:

  • Did you see anything here?
  • They went inside the theatre.
  • I didn’t find him anywhere.
  • Some say God is nowhere, But some others say God is now here.
  • Please, just take him away.
  • There is no there there.

 

List of some common adverbs of Place.

above, away, backward, below, beneath, down, everywhere, far, forward, here, in, inside, into, near, nowhere, out, outside, there, up, within, without etc.,

 

Adverbs of Number / Frequency:

The Adverb of Place tells us how often something takes place and answers the question ‘How’? Or ‘In what order’?

Examples:

  • She practises yoga regularly. 
  • My friend always speaks the truth.
  • He frequently visits the orphanage.
  • He seldom accepts his mistakes.
  • Sometimes, she uses my laptop.
  • They visit me occasionally.
  • Will you make that mistake again
  • I have been to Bangalore twice. 
  • I read two newspapers daily. 
  • The children go to school every day. 

 

List of some common adverbs of Number / Frequency.

again, always, daily, firstly, frequently, generally, hardly, hourly, how, monthly, nearly, never, normally, occasionally, often, once, quite, rarely, secondly, seldom, sometimes, twice, usually, weekly, yearly etc.,

 

Adverbs of Degree / Quantity:

The Adverb of Degree/Quantity answers the question ‘How much’? Or ‘In what degree’?

Examples:

  • These students are very careless.
  • The old man is too weak.
  • She has almost finished the work.
  • This idea is good enough to go there.
  • The members are so happy.
  • The principal is rather busy now.
  • You are utterly confused.
  • She is partially convinced.
  • I am fully prepared for the event.

 

List of some common adverbs of Degree / Quantity.

almost, altogether, any, also, as … as, completely, enough, extremely, fully, hardly, just, less, least, more, most, nearly, no better, partly, pretty, quite, rather, really, simply, so, super, too, utterly, very, virtually, well, wholly etc.,

 

Adverbs of Reason or Cause:

The adverb of Reason or Cause tells us why an action takes place.

Examples 

  • He committed several crimes. Consequently, he has been arrested.
  • I was not well so I did not attend the event.
  • We all decided. Therefore, we went there.
  • He offered me the job because I had applied for it.

 

List of some common adverbs of Reason or Cause.

consequently, therefore, hence, so, on account of, owing to, due to, because, since etc.,

 

Adverbs of Affirmation or Negation:

The adverb Affirmation or Negation tells us whether an action is done or not.

Examples:

  • You are certainly wrong.
  • I never tell lies.
  • She does not help you.
  • She will surely attend the class.
  • Yes, I am trying to finish it.

 

List of some common adverbs of Affirmation or Negation.

undoubtedly, by all means, indeed, certainly, never, no, not, apparently, obviously, surely, yes, probably etc.,

 

Interrogative Adverbs:

Interrogative Adverbs are used for asking questions.

This adverb can be of any type of adverb discussed so far.

Examples:

  • Where did you go yesterday? (Interrogative Adverb of Place)
  • Where is he sitting now? (Interrogative Adverb of Place)
  • When have you come from Hyderabad? (Interrogative Adverb of Time)
  • When will you return my money? (Interrogative Adverb of Time)
  • Why did you speak like that? (Interrogative Adverb of Reason)
  • Why are they finding fault with you? (Interrogative Adverb of Reason)
  • How far do you travel now? (Interrogative Adverb of Quantity)
  • How much did you expect from him? (Interrogative Adverb of Quantity)

 

List of Interrogative Adverbs.

why, when, where and how

 

Relative Adverbs:

A Relative Adverb is used to join an Adjectival clause to the main clauses. It also refers back to the Noun as its antecedent.

Examples:

  • I don’t know the place where they generally meet.
  • Nobody knows the reason why she is absent.
  • The teacher didn’t notice when the student entered the class.

 

List of Relative Adverbs.

why, where, when

 

Types of Adverbs briefly in a table

Types of Adverbs List of types of dverbs and Examples
Adverb of Manner / Quality: 

Answer the question ‘How?’ or ‘In what manner’?

agreeably, actively, badly, bitterly, bravely, calmly, cheerfully, clearly, crazily, excitedly, fast, fluently, hard, happily, impressively, kindly, lazily, loudly, lovingly, neatly, nobly, proudly, politely, quickly, regularly, sadly, sincerely, slowly, so, soundly, strongly, thus, unwillingly, well, etc.,

Examples:

  • He bravely entered the dark room.
  • The tiger ferociously attacked the hunter.

Adverb of Time: 

Answer the question ‘When’?

Afterwards, after, again, already, always, before, daily, during, early, finally, formerly,  immediately, instantly, just, late, later, never, next, now, presently, recently, sometimes, since, soon, still, today, tomorrow, then, yet, yesterday, when, whenever etc.,

Examples:

  • The old man reads two newspapers daily.
  • What you plant now, you will harvest later. 
Adverb of Place:

Answer the question ‘Where’?

above, away, backward, below, beneath, down, everywhere, far, forward, here, in, inside, into, near, nowhere, out, outside, there, up, within, without etc.,

Examples:

  • Did you see anything here?
  • They went inside the theatre.
Adverb of Number / Frequency:

Answer the question ‘How’? Or ‘In what order’?

again, always, daily, firstly, frequently, generally, hardly, hourly, how, monthly, nearly, never, normally, occasionally, often, once, quite, rarely, secondly, seldom, sometimes, twice, usually, weekly, yearly etc.,

Examples:

  • She practises yoga regularly. 
  • My friend always speaks the truth.

Adverb of Degree / Quantity:

Answer the question ‘How much’? Or ‘In what degree’?

almost, altogether, any, also, as … as, completely, enough, extremely, fully, hardly, just, less, least, more, most, nearly, no better, partly, pretty, quite, rather, really, simply, so, super, too, uber, very, well, wholly etc.,

Examples:

  • These students are very careless.
  • The old man is too weak.
Adverb of Reason or Cause:

Tell us why an action takes place.

consequently, therefore, hence, so, on account of, owing to, due to, because, since etc.,

Examples:

  • We all decided. Therefore, we went there.
  • He offered me the job because I had applied for it.
Adverb of Affirmation or Negation:

Tell us whether an action is done or not.

undoubtedly, by all means, indeed, certainly, never, no, not, apparently, obviously, surely, yes, probably etc.,

Examples:

  • You are certainly wrong.
  • I never tell lies.
Interrogative Adverb:

They are used for asking questions.

why, when, where and how

Examples:

  • Where did you go yesterday? 
  • Where is he sitting now? 

Relative Adverb:

It is used to join an Adjectival clause to the main clauses. It also refers back to the Noun as its  antecedent.

why, where, when

Examples:

  • I don’t know the place where they generally meet.
  • Nobody knows the reason why she is absent.
  • The teacher didn’t notice when the student entered the class.

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