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Verbs of Incomplete Predication

13th November 2020 CHALLA 4 Comments

Verbs of Incomplete Predication:


The Verbs which require a word or phrase to make a complete meaning of the sentence are called the verbs of incomplete predication. 


Here the verb refers to Linking Verb or Intransitive Verb which requires a Subjective Complement to make complete sense.


Some Intransitive verbs make complete sense of the sentence by themselves. They need only a subject. 



  • Birds fly.
  • The moon shines.
  • The sun rose.
  • The boy laughed.


These Verbs are sometimes called complete verbs or verbs of complete predication.

But some other Intransitive Verbs (or Linking Verbs) require a word or phrase to make complete sense of the sentence. 


Examples of these verbs are: 


is, am, are, was, were, will/shall be, been, become, look, seem, appear, taste, smell, grow, turn etc.




  • They are doctors.
  • My friend has been a professor.
  • The earth is round.
  • Honey tastes sweet.
  • He became a businessman.
  • This cat grew fat.
  • The teacher looks angry.


The Verbs in the above sentences, which required a word or phrase, are called the verbs of incomplete predication. 


The word or phrase required to complete the predicate is called the complement of the verb. 


When the complement of a verb describes the subject, it is called a subjective complement.



  • Sarala is a dancer
  • My friend looks happy. 
  • She is a genius.


Here dancer, happy and genius are the subjective complements.


The subjective complement may be of two kinds – Predicative Noun and Predicative Adjective.



  • Sarala is a dancer. (Predicative Noun)
  • My friend looks happy. (Predicative Adjective)

What are Object Complements:

Some Transitive verbs require, besides their objects, complements to complete their meaning.



  • The diet plan has made him healthy.
  • The students elected Kishore their president.
  • They named the baby Cherry.
  • She called him a rascal.


Here the complements, healthy, their president, Cherry, rascal describe the objects him, Kishore, the baby, him.

A complement that describes the object is called an object complement. 


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