Need study abroad support? Get In Touch



26th November 2020 CHALLA Comments Off


The Gerund: (Verbal Noun)

The form of the Verb ending in ‘-ing’ used as a Noun is called Gerund or Verbal Noun.

The form of the Present Participle and Gerund is the same but the usage is different.


Gerund: It has the force of a Verb and Noun. It is a Verbal Noun. 


  • Seeing is believing.
  • I like playing chess.
  • Teaching is my profession.


Present Participle: It has the force of an Adjective and Verb. It is a Verbal Adjective.


  • Seeing all these things, he believed.
  • Playing chess, he became popular.
  • Teaching for many years, I got good experience.


Uses of the Gerund:

As the Subject of a Verb


  • Reading books is a good habit.
  • Smoking cigarettes is injurious to health.
  • Trespassing is prohibited.
  • Seeing is believing.
  • Swimming is good for your health.
  • Brushing your teeth is a regular activity.

As the Subject Complement (or Complement of the Verb)


  • My brother’s favorite activity is cooking. 
  • One of her duties is maintaining the Computer Lab.
  • His main goal is developing the school.
  • The government’s main motto is reducing poverty.

As the Object of a Verb


  • I love reading books
  • Start driving.
  • They don’t like watching TV.
  • They enjoy swimming.

As the Object of a Preposition


  • My son is good at painting.
  • He is interested in attending the classes.
  • He is fond of playing chess.
  • They are thinking of starting a school.
  • She is desirous of owning a big car.
  • They are prevented from entering the airport.
  • The child is confident of winning the match.
  • They are tired of waiting for their friend.
  • There’s no point in arguing.
  • He was awarded for telling the truth.

Verbs with Prepositions followed by Gerund

  • accuse of
  • agree with
  • apologize for
  • ask about
  • believe in
  • be used to
  • blame for
  • care for
  • carry on
  • complain about
  • concentrate on
  • depend on
  • dream about/of
  • feel like
  • forgive for
  • give up
  • insist on
  • keep on
  • look forward to
  • object to
  • think of
  • succeed in
  • use for 

Absolute Construction


  • Playing piano being his passion, he requested his father to buy the piano.
  • Writing being his area of interest, we asked him to write short stories.
  • Blogging being my hobby, I have created the blog ‘’.

In Apposition to a Noun


  • His idea, helping the poor people, has been appreciated by all.
  • Their plan, forming a new organization, seems difficult for him.

After Phrasal Verbs

(a verb + preposition or adverb)


  • It is easy to give up smoking.  I gave up so many times.
  • He went on giving his lecture for a long time.
  • She kept on postponing it several times.
  • My friend ended up starting a new business.


We use Gerund after some phrasal verbs with “to” as a preposition like:

 to look forward to, to take to, to be accustomed to, to get around to, and to be used to.


  • I was accustomed to getting up early. (means: I was accustomed to it)
  • She was used to singing songs.
  • I look forward to meeting you.

In some fixed expressions


  • It’s no good doing…
  • It’s no use doing…

Correct use of the Gerund:

When Noun or Pronoun is used before a Gerund, we have you use its possessive form.


  • They insisted on my attending the programme. ( not me attending)
  • We are not aware of his coming to the party. (not he/him coming)
  • They don’t not like Rajan’s playing in the team. 
  • I didn’t observe Rina’s entering the room.


But, we don’t use Possessive Case with the Gerund in the following situations.


  1. When the Gerund is used with Proper Noun and in the Passive Voice.


  • They don’t like Rajan being praised by the teacher.
  • She is happy at Rina being selected for the award.

             2. When the Noun refers to a lifeless thing and comes before a Gerund.


  • There is a chance of the system crashing down. (not system’s)
  • There is no danger of the building collapsing. (not building’s)

In certain compound Nouns, Gerund + Noun is always used as only Nouns but not as     Adjectives.


walking-stick (a stick used for walking)

writing-pad  (a pad used for writing)

sleeping-pill, visiting- room, working-men, looking-glass, carving-knife, frying-pan, swimming pool, running shoes, drinking water, a reading lamp, 

Use of ‘Being’ and ‘Having’ as a Gerund:

Use of ‘Being’ as Gerund

Here, “being” is used with an adjective, a prepositional phrase, and a noun. 

Being expresses the experience or condition.


  • I avoid being late. (Being + Adjective)
  • He enjoys being in the position of Manager. (Being + Prepositional Phrase)
  • Do you like being a Principal? (Being + Noun)

More Examples:

  • Being healthy is always good. (Being +Adjective)
  • Not being healthy makes life miserable. (Being +Adjective)
  • Being in a dark room would be scary. (Being Prepositional Phrase)
  • Being a teacher is a responsible job. (Being +Noun)
  • She doesn’t spend time being alone.
  • Being stuck in traffic is really a big punishment.
  • Not being stuck in traffic would be a smooth journey.

Use of ‘Having’ as Gerund

‘Having’ can be used as the Subject, Object of a Preposition, or Subject Complement in a sentence. 

Having is always followed by a Noun Phrase. 

‘Having’ expresses the idea that we possess something.


  • Having a Mercedes car is my dream. (Subject)
  • I dream of having a Mercedes car. (Object of a Preposition)
  • My dream is having a Mercedes car. (Subject Complement)

More Examples:

  • Having a big screen in my hall is what I want.
  • He does not like having too much work.
  • Not having a big screen in my hall is very boring.
  • Having too many doubts is a silly thing.
  • You have to worry about having health problems.
  • Not having any doubts would be a good idea.

The main difference between ‘being’ and ‘having’ as a Gerund:

“Being” expresses a state or experience.


  • Being an entrepreneur is highly recommended nowadays.
  • Being a principal is not an easy job.

‘Having’ expresses the idea that we possess something.


  • I don’t know about having a job vacancy in your school.
  • Having a comfortable life is what I want.


Compound Gerunds with ‘being’ and ‘after’ + Past Participle.


  • He always likes being flattered.
  • He is aware of having committed the mistake.
  • He knew of his friend having been selected in the Civil Services.
  • The student complained of having been punished by the teacher.

After some verbs:

We use only Gerund but not Infinitives after the following verbs. 


  • She enjoys painting.
  • I can’t stand doing anything.
  • They practised doing yoga.
  • I can’t help laughing.

Verbs followed by Gerund. 

• admit

• advise

• allow

• avoid

• can’t help

• can’t stand

• deny

• dislike

• enjoy

• fancy

• finish

• keep

• mind

• miss

• permit

• practise

• suggest

Gerund or Infinitive:

We can use either Infinitive or Gerund after the following Verbs.


  • I started to read. (or) 
  • I started reading it.
  • They began to work. (or) 
  • They began working.
  • I love to write poems. (or) 
  • I love writing poems.

• attempt

• begin

• bother

• cannot bear

• cease

• continue

• hate

• intend

• love

• prefer

• start 

Related Reads: