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Participle Adjectives

Participle Adjectives

13th August 2020 CHALLA Comments Off

Participle AdjectivesParticiple Adjectives


Participle Adjectives are quite confusing because they appear to be verbs as they end in ….ED or ..ING.

The participles are two types. The present participle, which ends in –ING, and the past participle, which ends in -ED.  In past participle, some words also end in EN, N, D etc., 


-ING form annoying, amusing, boring, depressing, exciting, embarrassing, exciting, exasperating, frightening, fascinating, gratifying, interesting, overwhelming, misleading, misunderstanding, relaxing, satisfying, socking, thrilling, time-consuming, worrying, 
-ED form interested, amused, bored, computerized, determined, depressed, excited, embarrassed, excited, fascinated, overwhelmed, misunderstood, relaxed, satisfied, shocked, surprised, terrified, talented, renowned, self-centered, unknown


Present Participle (-ing) is used to describe something or someone.

I read an inspiring story about a great person.

We really had an exciting journey last week.


Past Participle (-ed) is used to describe how people feel about something or someone.

I find him always in a relaxed mood.

We are happy to see this computerized library.


Examples with -ING participle:


  1. The children do not like boring stories.
  2. It is quite embarrassing to stay here any further.
  3. The court does not believe in misleading facts.
  4. This is always a fascinating story.
  5. It is time-consuming to refer to all those books to find out the facts.


Examples with -ED participle:

  1. Some people are self-centered. They never try to understand others.
  2. I have never seen a drunken monk?  
  3. They submitted a 100 pages written document of this case.
  4. The confused participant decided to use a helpline.
  5. Some people are self-centered. They never try to understand others.
  6. The children are fascinated to visit those picnic places.


Points to focus:

The common confusion with Participle Adjectives is that these are basically verbs. So let us clearly understand how we use them as adjectives and verbs.


  • It is a shocking experience for me. (Adjective used attributively- no object)
  • This news is shocking all the people in the town. (As a verb – with object)


  • I am surprised to see you here. (Adjective used predicatively- no object)
  • I am surprised by your sudden visit. (As a verb – with object)