Personal pronouns are used in place of specific people or things that we are talking about. We use these Personal Pronouns keeping in view of the Number, Person, Gender and Case:
Personal Pronouns Examples:
- Sheela is a new student. She doesn’t have any friends.
- Raman and Rajan have attended the class. They are clever students.
- She has done her work
- I washed the car myself.
- singular (I, you, he, she, it)
- plural (we, you, they)
- 1st person – the person(s) speaking (I, we)
- 2nd person – the person(s) spoken to (you)
- 3rd person – the person(s) spoken about (he, she, it, they)
- male (he)
- female (she)
- neuter (it, they)
- Subjective: (I, you, he, she, it, we, they)
- Possessive: (my, mine, your, yours, his, her, hers, our, ours, their, theirs)
- Objective: (me, you, him, her, it, us, them)
|Types of Personal Pronouns|
As illustrated in the above table, the position of these Personal Pronouns in a sentence can be discussed under 4 different categories.
- Subjective Pronoun
- Objective Pronoun
- Possessive Adjective
- Possessive Pronoun
Subjective (Nominative) Pronoun: (I, we, you, he, she, it, they)
It is used as the subject of the verb in a sentence.
- I certainly follow your instructions.
- We are all students here.
- She taught me English.
- He and I will definitely support you.
- They are good players.
- You and I are in the race.
- He and me are good friends. (incorrect)
- He and I are good friends. (correct)
- Satya and me have warned you about it. (incorrect)
- Satya and I have warned you about it. (correct)
It is also used as the complement of the verb ‘to be’
- It is he who met you yesterday.
- It is I who gave you that gift.
- It was they who approached you.
- It is she who helped you all the time.
- If I were you, I would consult a lawyer.
Objective (Accusative) Pronoun: (me, us, you, him, her, it, them)
It is used as a direct object, indirect object, and an object of a preposition in a sentence
As a Direct Object:
- She supported them in the exam.
- They want her to attend the event.
- They appointed her and me.
As an Indirect Object:
- She offered me a cup of coffee.
- They gave the ranker a gift.
- Mr. Reddy taught us English.
As an object of a preposition
- Is this shirt for me or him?
- Are you speaking to them?
- My son sent a mobile to me.
- By whom were the instructions given to him?
Note: Subject or Object
The use of Pronoun after ‘than’, or ‘as’ should be a Subjective Case.
- She is taller than I (am) (not me)
- She is smarter than he. (not him)
- He is cleverer than they. (not them)
- Her brother is not more intelligent than she. (not her)
- She is as tall as I
- He is not as smart as she.
- I am as clever as he
But we can say:
In the following sentences, both the subjective case or objective case can be used as per the meaning that we want to convey.
- I like her more than him.
(I like her and him. But I like her more)
- I like her more than he (likes).
(He and I like her. But I like more)
With the words ‘let’, ‘looks’, ‘but’, ‘except’, we use the objective case, not the subjective case.
- Let me go there.
- Let us know things clearly.
- Don’t let him go all alone.
- Let her explain the problem first.
- Let them not go to that dangerous area.
- He looks like me (not I)
- Everybody went there but / expect me (not I)
It’s I or It’s Me:
The simple technique that we should remember here is – always use ‘I’ in the subject place and ‘Me’ in the object place.
- It’s I who made a call to you. (Subject)
- It’s I who wanted to meet you. (Subject)
- Is it he who wants to buy the bike? (Subject)
- It’s she who copied the exam. (Subject)
- It’s me who was asked to come there. (Object)
- It’s me in the photo. (Object)
- It is I who is going there. (Incorrect)
- It is I who am going there. (Correct)
- It is you who is attending the classes. (Incorrect)
- It is you who are attending the classes. (Correct)
- It is we who has opened the door. (Incorrect)
- It is we who have opened the door. (Correct)
Possessive Adjective: (my, our, your, his, her, its, their)
These are the forms of Pronouns but used to describe the Nouns. So they are called Possessive Adjectives or Adjective Pronouns (Pronominal Adjectives) .
- This is your car.
- That is his house.
- These are their bikes.
- Those are my books.
Possessive Pronoun: (mine, ours, yours, his, hers, its, theirs)
It is used to show possession. It can be used as the subject of the verb or object of the verb.
- This laptop is his.
- Those books are yours.
- This bike is mine.
- Mine is this bike.
- Two flats in this apartment are theirs.
The order of Personal Pronouns:
When we use Pronouns that refer to different persons in a sentence, we generally follow the following order.
2nd person + 3rd person + 1st person (You + He + I)
- You, she and I will go there.
- You and he can certainly do it.
- He and I will do it for you.
- You and I are good friends.
1st Person + 2nd Person + 3rd Person
- We, you and they can participate in the seminar.
- You and they will never compromise.
- We and you could have been given equal rights.
- All of us, some of you, and all of them are willing to attend the classes.
Incorrect: He and myself are not suitable for it.
Correct: He and I are not suitable for it.
Incorrect: I, you and he can convince her.
Correct: You, he and I can convince her.
Incorrect: I and she can accompany you.
Correct: She and I can accompany you.
Incorrect: He and you must attend the class.
Correct: You and he must attend the class.
Incorrect: I and you are not eligible for that.
Correct: You and I are not eligible for that.
When different pronouns are connected by ‘or’ or ‘ nor’ the Verb should agree with the pronoun nearest to it.
Incorrect: Either you or he are fit for the job.
Correct: Either you or he is fit for the job.
Incorrect: Neither you nor I has done the project.
Correct: Neither you nor I have done the project.
Personal Pronouns Exercises:
Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the pronoun in the following:
- It was — who saw in the school. (they, them)
- There should not be anyone between you and —(I, me)
- I don’t like you as much as —(she, her)
- He is not so genius as —. (they, them)
- Sharma is as old as —. (I, me)
- I helped his brother and —. (he, him)
- They observed — several times. (I, me)
- Nobody but — was present, (I, me)
- I gave some amount to —. (they, them)
- My friend and — did not go there. (I, me)
- Can you please, inform —about this? (they, them)
- Let Lavanya and — finish the job. (I, me)
- Why don’t you consider Srinu and —? (I, me)
- I can do the job as well as —. (he, him)
- It was — who gave them lift. (I, me)
- Whom can I believe, if not –? (she, her)
- Let — explain it to you. (I, me)
- They, 2. Me, 3. She/Her, 4. They, 5. I, 6. Him, 7. Me, 8. I, 9. Them, 10. I, 11. Them, 12. Me, 13. Me, 14. He, 15. I, 16. Her, 17. Me
- Types of Pronouns
- Uses of Pronouns
- Impersonal Pronoun
- Exclamatory Pronouns
- Interrogative Pronouns
- Defining and non-defining relative clauses
- Omission of the Relative Pronoun
- Relative Pronouns
- Reciprocal Pronouns
- Possessive Pronouns
- Distributive Pronouns
- Indefinite Pronouns
- Demonstrative Pronouns
- Reflexive and Emphatic Pronouns